Trigger Avoidance Information

Headache Hygiene Tips

Headache may be triggered or worsen with certain types of foods, activities, medications, or stress. Below is a list of possible ways to make a few modifications to your lifestyle that may significantly impact the frequency of headaches


Get Regular Sleep
  • Go to bed and wake up at regular times each day
  • Do not sleep excessively on the weekends and too little on the weekdays
  • Most adults need approximately 6-8 hours of sleep per night
Eat Regular Meals
  • Low blood sugar can trigger a headache
  • Eat regular meals three times each day including protein, fruits, vegetables and carbohydrates
  • Too much sugar may lead to a rapid increase in blood sugar followed by a rapid decline in blood sugar, which can trigger a headache
Get Moderate Amounts of Routine Exercise
  • Moderate exercise three to five times each week will help reduce stress and keep you physically fit
  • Too much exercise or inconsistent patterns of exercise may trigger headache
Drink Plenty of Water
  • A normal adult should drink plenty of water throughout the day
  • Dehydration may cause headaches
Limit Caffeine, Alcohol and other Drugs
  • Caffeine is a stimulant and caffeine withdrawal may cause headaches when blood levels of caffeine taper
  • Alcohol may be a trigger for headaches and alcohol in moderation may reduce the number of headaches
Reduce Stress
  • Stress may lead to an increase in headache
  • Relaxation and stress management may help reduce headaches


Identifying Headache Triggers Worksheet
Click here for a downloadable version of the worksheet
Date of trigger- Exposure
Headache Description-
Describe course of headache
Aged cheese
Citrus fruits
Cured meats
Excess caffeine
Excessive exercise
Eyestrain or other visual triggers
Medication use/missed
Salty foods
Sleep deprivation
Skipped meals
Others (list below)


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